UK Net Zero Strategy: Build Back Greener
What is the Net Zero Strategy?
The UK Government’s Net Zero Strategy, published on 19 October 2021, sets out the Government’s long-term plan to end the UK’s domestic contribution to human-caused climate change and achieve a net zero greenhouse gas emissions economy by 2050.
This Strategy has been released alongside more specific sectoral approaches including the Government’s Heat & Buildings Strategy and its Green Finance Roadmap. HM Treasury has also published its Net Zero Review, which provides an economic analysis of the costs and opportunities associated with the net zero transition. The Climate Change Committee has recently published their independent assessment of the Strategy, which is generally positive but outlines key areas where proposed policies may be insufficient for meeting the UK’s climate ambitions.
The Strategy proposes emissions reductions across sectors to meet upcoming carbon budgets defined by the Climate Change Act, and the UK’s commitment to reduce GHG emissions under the Paris Climate Agreement – known as a Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC). The Strategy also sets out the UK’s vision for a decarbonised economy in 2050.
In its latest NDC, the UK commits to a reduction in emissions of at least 68% by 2030 from 1990 levels; and its sixth carbon budget sets a legally binding commitment to reduce emissions by 78% by 2035 from 1990 levels. Since 1990, the UK has reduced its emissions by 44% while growing its economy by over 75%.
The Strategy makes a strong case for UK leadership, positioning the net zero transition as an unprecedented economic opportunity to build back greener from the pandemic and create new high skilled, high wage, sustainable jobs across UK. This explainer summarises some of the key aspects of the Strategy and how this might impact non-executive directors.
What is the UK Government planning to do?
The Strategy sets out the Government’s plans for reducing emissions from each sector of the economy, addressing remaining hard-to-abate emissions, such as those from freight, shipping, aviation, steel and heavy industry, with greenhouse gas removals. It is important to note that this is a long-term plan for transition over three decades – the proposed policies will be phased in over time and may change. Below is a summary of the key policies in the Net Zero Strategy:
For the Government’s indicative delivery pathway to 2037 by sector, see page 18 of the full strategy.
It allows for sectors to make progress at different rates depending on a range of factors including availability of technological solutions, development of supply chains, financing, infrastructure, and the need to overcome wider delivery barriers.
What does this mean for non-executive directors?
The Net Zero Strategy will impact all sectors in the UK economy. It is important that non-executive directors (NEDs) consider how the businesses they represent can and should respond to, and prepare for, the proposed policy changes. Some broad considerations are listed below:
- Is expanded innovation funding an opportunity for the businesses you represent? The Strategy commits to increasing government investment in net zero innovation to £22 billion by 2027. This will be delivered via funding programmes across power, buildings and industry; transport; natural resources, waste and fluorinated gases; and greenhouse gas removal technologies. Could these funds present an opportunity for the business you represent, and how might they prepare to access them?
- Consider what is relevant to the whole value chain. Even aspects of the Net Zero Strategy that seem distant from a business’ core activity might be relevant to its broader value chain. Encourage the businesses you represent to engage with suppliers about the proposed policy changes and consider how they might be impacted. This could involve changes to waste and natural resource management, or transport infrastructure and vehicle requirements.
- Make sure workforces are equipped for the future. The Government is keen to support training and education that develops the skills for a net-zero future. You could help ensure your businesses prepare to develop their workforce by integrating these new skills into hiring and training practices.
- Get ahead of mandatory requirements to decarbonise buildings and transport. The Government has set ambitious targets for the built environment and transport sectors that will impact businesses in all sectors, including rapid shifts away from gas heating, and petrol and diesel vehicles. Consider how the businesses you represent are making plans to decarbonise their transportation networks and buildings ahead of mandatory requirements.
- Keep up to date with new disclosure requirements. The new Sustainability Disclosure Requirements will implement mandatory Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures-aligned reporting for many businesses, including for investment funds and asset managers. As further details emerge about the Requirements, make sure your businesses are measuring and reporting their emissions, including Scope 3 emissions.
- Consider the Net Zero Review recommendations on trade and competitiveness. HM Treasury’s Net Zero Review explores the potential trade-offs for, and exposure of, businesses and households to the net zero transition. You may wish to consider some of the recommendations in the Review, particularly those focusing on trade and competitiveness.
Five questions to ask in the boardroom:
- What needs to change in our current corporate climate strategy in light of the UK’s new Net Zero Strategy?
- What opportunities does the UK Net Zero Strategy provide for our business to reduce its emissions? Are there any quick wins?
- How can we collaborate with other businesses to ensure that we are leveraging opportunities to reduce emissions and achieve net zero?
- An increasing number of countries are now setting ambitious net zero targets, how might our activity abroad be affected?
- What skills should we be developing in our workforce to ensure it is equipped for the future?
UK Climate Policy Briefing - November 2023
Our UK policy briefing aims to highlight the latest developments in UK climate policy directly relevant to NEDs. Since our last briefing. there have been significant developments in the climate policy landscape, most notably the Climate Change Committee’s 2023 Progress Report to Parliament and the recent government U-turn on a number of key net zero targets. Although this has generated much discussion among the business community, particularly around contributing to investment uncertainty, other key initiatives such as those on corporate disclosure and transition planning, continue at pace.
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